Which Are The Four Types Of AI?

Artificial intelligence (AI) has transformed several businesses and improved how we interact with technology, and it has now ingrained itself in every aspect of our life. It is critical to understand the many types of AI and their capabilities as they continue to develop. Reactive machines, restricted memory, theory of mind, and self-awareness are the four primary categories of AI that will be discussed in this article. Let’s examine the 5 types of AI in greater detail to have a better idea of how AI is changing the world..

Which Of The Four Types Of AI Exists?

  1.  Reactive machines
  2. Limited memory
  3. Theory of mind
  4. Self-awareness

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1.Reactive machines:

Machines That React One kind of AI is task-specific and memoryless. These devices consistently produce the same result for a given input. Reactive AI exhibits “super” AI skills since it can digest enormous volumes of data and produce customised recommendations, a task that is beyond the scope of a typical person. They are given certain duties to do and are unable to do anything else. Reactive machines like IBM’s Deep Blue and Google’s AlphaGo are typical examples. For the most part, reactive AI is dependable and effective in technologies like self-driving automobiles. Unless the right information is provided to it, it lacks the capacity to forecast future events.

2.Limited memory:

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the next development in artificial intelligence. This kind of AI makes use of algorithms that replicate how neurons work in humans. AI with limited memory gets wiser and performs better as it is given more data to train on. Image recognition and reinforcement learning have advanced thanks to deep learning, a branch of limited memory AI. Limited memory AI, in contrast to reactive robots, may keep track of earlier observations and keep an eye on particular things or circumstances throughout time. The AI can take well-informed choices based on both historical and present facts by combining these insights into its decision-making process.

3.Theory of mind:

Theory of Mind A subset of artificial intelligence (AI) tries to comprehend how other living things, including humans, think and feel. The next step of AI systems, the third kind of AI, is now in the invention stage. Concept of Mind AI might approximate human comprehension and predict behaviour based on intents, somewhat simulating human interactions. This knowledge would have a big impact on how AI systems behave in regard to their environment. Building mental models of other intelligent entities, which are now humans, is the aim of Theory of Mind AI. Research and development are still being heavily invested in with regard to how Theory of Mind AI will interact with people and other AI systems. According to the data we now have, however, Theory of Mind AI will allow robots and systems to interact socially, which may lead to whole new use cases.

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Self-awareness The most advanced kind of AI, known as AI, allows robots to recognise their own internal states, as well as the emotions, behaviours, and intelligence of other people. We will undoubtedly see a robot with consciousness and intelligence on par with humans if this AI materialises. Beyond theory of mind, self-aware AI focuses on the AI itself, its state of being, and its capacity to discern and anticipate the emotions of others. Understanding the intelligence of the human brain, including memory, learning, and decision-making processes, is essential for developing self-aware AI.

Self-aware AI, though, is still a long way off. In terms of human intelligence and consciousness, there is still much to learn and investigate. The complexity of these cognitive processes makes artificially reproducing them extremely difficult. If machines ever develop consciousness, their fundamental right would be a moral question that would be decided by the legal system. Despite the difficulties, researchers from all around the world are still attempting to create an AI that is self-aware. If we ever accomplish this, it might either reveal doomsday scenarios or lead to a prosperous and elevated future for all.


In conclusion, AI has come a long way, and its evolution has been remarkable. From reactive machines to self-aware AI, the possibilities are endless. As AI continues to develop, it is essential to understand its different types and their capabilities. Reactive machines represent AI systems that are task-specific and lack memory, while limited memory AI can store past observations and monitor specific objects or situations over time. Theory of mind AI aims to understand the world and how other entities, including humans, possess thoughts and emotions. Self-awareness represents the pinnacle of AI evolution, where machines are aware of themselves and perceive their internal states and others’ emotions, behaviors, and acumen. However, achieving self-aware AI would require a deep understanding of the human brain’s intelligence, including memory, learning, and decision-making processes. Despite the challenges, researchers worldwide are still working towards building a self-aware AI. If we ever achieve this, it could either unveil apocalyptic outcomes or drive the future to prosperity and elevations as a whole.

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